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In 1883, Frenchman Edouard Delamare-Deboutteville and his assistant, Leon Malandin, designed and built an automobile with a gas powered engine. Due to problems with the gas lines, they redesigned the engine to run on fuel oil using a wick carburetor, which Delamare-Deboutteville patented. In early February, 1884, Delamare-Deboutteville drove his car on the road from Fontaine-le Bourg to Cailly, Normandy.
Lucius Copeland attached a small boiler to his Star bicycle. Th bike was displayed at an exhibit in 1884 in Arizona.
Andrew L. Riker designs a three-wheeler electric car but none are built.
Francis E. and Freelan O. Stanley attempt to build a steam car based on the Field steamer but fail. They would later build the famous Stanley Steamer.