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De Dion-Bouton Motorette Company
1883 - 1932
In 1883, Count Albert De Dion formed a partnership with Georges Bouton to produce steam cars in Paris, France. They continuously improved their steam cars and in 1892 began experimenting with gasoline-powered engines, The experiments were successful and the De Dion-Bouton single-cylinder gasoline engine grew in popularity. Other automobile makers began car production using the reliable De Dion-Bouton engines - Renault, Delage, Pierce-Arrow, and Peerless, to name a few. By 1900, more than 20,000 of these engines were in service.
By the turn-of-the-century, De Dion had been in business for almost two decades. Production figures passed 200 cars per month. The De Dion-Bouton Motorette Company had offices and factories not only in France, but in England, Germany, and the United States.
De Dion was the first automobile maker in the world to market a V-8 engine. In 1909, De Dion patented the fork-and-blade arrangement of connecting rods for use in the V8. This solution made it possible to locate each pair of cylinders on the sale vertical axis, shortening the engine and making it possible for one set of cams to do the work of two. This method became the standard for fine V-type engines and were used by Cadillac, Hispano-Suiza, Liberty and Lincoln to name a few. The De Dion V-8 engines were fitted with a twin-throat carburetor - one for each bank of cylinders. The quite revolutionary powerplant set entirely now standards of smoothness of operation and its great low-speed torque became legendary.
De Dion-Bouton production ceased in 1932.